Is Bariatric Surgery Best for You?
Before you decide to undergo bariatric surgery, you must commit to lead a healthy life. The success of your procedure will depend on your commitment to good nutrition, exercise as well as lifestyle changes.
Overweight and obesity refer to weight ranges (based on height) that are higher than what's normally considered healthy. These ranges of weight have been known to increase the risk of certain health complications and diseases.
What is BMI?
For adults, weight and height are used to calculate BMI (body mass index), which is used to determine whether one is overweight or obese. For most people, body mass index is associated with the amount of fat in their body. Obesity is generally defined as having 20% or more weight than normal. Morbid obesity, on the other hand, is having 50-100% more weight than normal.
A BMI of 25-29.9 means one is overweight, while obesity is having a BMI of at least 30. A BMI of at least 40 indicates morbid obesity. Bariatric is accepted and recognized as an effective and safe procedure for weight loss and many other conditions that result from severe obesity. The procedure causes hormonal or metabolic changes that control hunger (your desire to eat) and satiety (the urge to stop eating). Additionally, conditions related to obesity, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, sleep apnea, etc. are often relieved and can go into remission. A majority of patients find they need fewer medications over time and many stop taking medications completely.
Not all people with severe obesity will be eligible for gastric sleeve surgery. Typical candidates are those who have a BMI higher than 40 or higher than 35 with major obesity-related conditions, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, sleep apnea or type II diabetes.
There are certain conditions one must fulfill to be a good candidate for bariatric surgery:
Understands the surgery and its risks
Has no alcohol or drug problem
Has acceptable operative risk
Their obesity isn't caused by the endocrine
Has no uncontrolled psychological problems
Medical weight loss efforts (such as diets and other solutions) have failed
Weight loss surgery benefits
Within 2-3 years after surgery, bariatric surgery normally leads to a 40-80% reduction in excess weight, based on the chosen surgery. Those considering a bariatric procedure need to consult a surgeon about their personal expectations of the surgery.
The best way to find out if you need surgery for weight loss is to consult a bariatric surgeon. The decision to go ahead is only made after the surgical team has thoroughly evaluated you and concluded that you're really a good candidate.